Drone cells from fresh beeswax
The bees make their own wax! Comparable to a bricklayer which makes his own bricks.
The wax is formed in a total of eight glandular fields.
When construction is necessary, working bees develop their wax glands and sweat out eight sheds per working day.
Out of 100 grams of wax around eight thousand cells are created
(a honeycomb has about 7000 honeycomb cells). For this 100 grams of wax about 125,000 wax sheds are necessary.
From the book: Aus Phänomen Honigbiene von Jürgen Tautz
See also: The Buzz about Bees: Biology of a Superorganism
Decomposing the beeswax into its components gives you over 300 different chemical compounds.
Beeswax becomes liquid at 62 ° Celsius.
A shed of wax is tiny and weighs about 0.0008 grams. The average size of a nest of a bee colony requires about 100,000 honeycomb cells. The cell margins are reinforced with propolis, where it becomes necessary for mechanical reasons. The bees only produce their wax in the spring time from April to July when it has enough nectar. In this period they are able to produce several honeycombs within one week.
Traditionally beeswax has been used as a fragrance carrier in precious ointments. It has the ability to bind essential oils. It moisturizes and protects the skin, because it has an antibiotic effect, which inhibits the growth of microorganisms or kills them. Also it has an excellent repairing effect on the skin tissue.
In cosmetics, beeswax is used as consistency regulator. It has skin-care properties, especially for sensitive and dry, chapped skin.
Already in the Neolithic period (Neolithic approx. 5000 - 2000 before Christ) our ancestors practiced in dentistry. Allegedly, they smeared beeswax into the tooth holes to relieve their pain. This is proven by a 6500-year-old canine.
Beeswax is considered harmless (GRAS Generally recognized as safe) and well tolerated. Beeswax is edible, but hardly absorbed.
Beeswax is authorized in Switzerland and in the EEC as food additive E 901.